Chief Priscilla Mueller of the Saik’uz First Nation mentioned Rio Tinto has recently proven some willingness to take heed to the considerations of First Nations, that are targeted primarily on the unfavourable affect the dam and low river flows have had on salmon and sturgeon.
“We’ve by no means had a relationship with Rio Tinto, and I actually imagine now that we’re constructing a relationship,” Mueller mentioned. “They’ve been out to our Nechako First Nations communities and people conferences have been constructive.”
The Nechako River was dammed within the Nineteen Fifties to generate energy for the Kitimat aluminum smelter.
Relying on the time of 12 months, the Kenney Dam can scale back river flows to 25% of what they might be with out the dam. In drier years, that may be a significant issue for fish.
“We actually don’t have any salmon left,” Mueller mentioned. “And the sturgeon, all people is aware of that they’re changing into extinct. Immediately, we have now to purchase our salmon, which could be very, very unhappy for our communities. This was our livelihood.”
The Nechako First Nations’ BC Supreme Courtroom case claims that the dam has had a unfavourable affect on their Aboriginal rights. If the courtroom guidelines of their favour, it may have financial fallout for Kitimat’s largest employer: the BC Works aluminum smelter, which employs roughly 1,000 folks.
Someplace between the pursuits of business and jobs and the pursuits of the surroundings, fish and First Nations, there could also be a compromise. Ideally, for the river and its fish, the Kenney Dam can be eliminated, permitting the river to be restored to regular stream ranges. That’s not what the First Nations count on the BC Supreme Courtroom will order. However they hope the courtroom will acknowledge the impacts the dam has had on the river, fish and livelihoods of Nechako First Nations and suggest a plan to revive a minimum of a few of the river’s pure stream ranges.
“There’s a actual alternative to maintain the smelter operating 100% and restore pure stream within the river, and that’s what the nations try to get to,” mentioned Alex Grzybowski, an adviser to the Nechako First Nations.
Rising river ranges concern
The largest concern about river ranges is within the springtime, when ranges would sometimes be at a seasonal excessive. In drier years, to keep up ample river flows, water might be spilled over the dam. Rio Tinto must forgo some energy technology, however may purchase the facility it wants from BC Hydro. The Kemano Producing Station already produces extra energy than the smelter wants. Rio Tinto sells a few of that surplus energy to BC Hydro. For the reason that new Website C dam is anticipated to provide an influence surplus, there ought to be ample producing capability to promote energy to the Rio Tinto when water must be held again within the spring.
Ought to such an association be agreed to – or enforced by the courtroom – it might require an modification to, or alternative of, the 1987 Settlement Settlement, which governs Nechako water flows and launch. Rio Tinto is sure by that settlement.
A brand new governance mannequin being proposed by the Regional District of Bulkley-Nechako (RDBN) and the Saik’uz, Stellat’en, and Nadleh Whut’en First Nations seems to anticipate some new settlement for the Nechako – one that features First Nations.
Earlier this 12 months, the RDBN and the Nechako First Nations signed a memorandum of understanding aimed toward giving these events a seat on the Nechako River governance desk.
Rio Tinto seems to be a minimum of listening to the considerations of the Nechako First Nations.
“For the previous three years we have now been working with quite a lot of events on the Water Engagement Initiative for the advantage of the Nechako River,” a spokesman for Rio Tinto mentioned in a written assertion. “We’re dedicated to working with the Nechako First Nations, different First Nations, authorities and stakeholders to evaluation all elements of the Nechako Reservoir administration course of.”
(This text first appeared in Enterprise in Vancouver)